This article provides an outline of the world of machine learning operations. We explain what it is, which issues it can solve, and its key principles.

What Is MLOps?

MLOps (Machine Learning Operations) is a DevOps approach for designing ML solutions. Combining data gathering, preprocessing, model learning, evaluation, implementation, and retraining into a single process, MLOps enables you to handle and enhance the maintenance of the AI infrastructure, as well as save resources to maintain it.

Because of MLOps, companies can quickly gain better, more valuable knowledge from accumulated data , and development teams can make software development based on machine learning easier.

Why Is MLOps Necessary?

Data management is more complex than ever. The IBM Institute recently conducted research and discovered that 59% of businesses had expedited their technological change. The need for ongoing investment in data, analysis, and AI skills has never been greater as a result of the shift to digital-first strategic initiatives.

Profit increase and corporate expansion can be enhanced by utilizing data as a key advantage. MLOps can assist you in creating a well-thought-out data processing approach that takes the methodologies of software engineering and adapts them to data science.

MLOps acts as a bridge between gathering data and translating it into useful business information. A successful machine learning operations approach fuses the best operational and data science innovations to maximize scalable and repeatable ML from conception to completion. This enables businesses to profit from ML and AI in practical ways as they enter this new phase of data.

What Issues Does MLOps Overcome?

Using MLOps methodologies can help enterprises worldwide with several issues, including:

Communication Issues

Your data analysts, software developers, and management teams probably live in completely distinct worlds, regardless of the way your business is run. Interaction, teamwork, and the development process are all negatively affected d by this disconnect. Without cooperation, it is not possible to automate and ease the deployment of ML models in massive production settings.

Uncompleted Tasks

According to VentureBeat, 87% of ML models are never used in real production. Thus, only around 1 in 10 working days for data specialists result in anything helpful for the organization. This gap results in lost income, lost productivity, and a rising sense of despair and exhaustion among data scientists worldwide. MLOps resolves this issue by making sure all important stakeholders are involved in a project before it begins. Then, MLOps helps and improves every phase to make sure that every model may advance to production without experiencing any delays.

Lost Knowledge

Various departments, each of which is responsible for a distinct step in the process, are required to contribute their abilities and knowledge to the creation and service of ML techniques. Essential insights and key knowledge will not move beyond each group if there is no interaction and collaboration amongst all parties concerned. MLOps unites various teams around a single hub for testing and optimization, allowing for the  exchange of knowledge that can be utilized to enhance the system and swiftly redeploy based on the best MLOps concepts.

Creation of Features

It can take a lot of time and computing power to create features. Features that are created once can be employed as often as required when the right MLOps approaches are applied. The data expert is then free to concentrate on developing and testing the algorithm.

7 Principles of MLOps


The data and source code must have versions that will allow you to return to past models. Versioning also assists in improving and maintaining the product together with several developers. The model may change in some way for several reasons:

  1. Repeated training due to the appearance of new data.
  2. Re-learning due to new learning methods, including changing the architecture.
  3. The model can self-study.
  4. The model can be implemented in other applications.
  5. The model can be corrupted both by the developers, accidentally or intentionally, or as a result of an attack by intruders.
  6. Changing internal storage (space may no longer be enough).
  7. Change in the terms of the data storage agreement.

7 Principles of MLOps


Sending the first model to the field for earnings is not the best idea. The ML process itself is iterative and requires constant research work. Experimentation may involve the use of several development branches, which are then compared according to metrics.


After the model is created, modified, and/or trained, it should be automatically tested for the possibility of integration, and the minimum performance requirements on the test set should also be met. Conducting A/B testing will help to find out whether the model has improved compared to the previous one.

Data, as well as models, should fall under the tests. Otherwise, the training may be interrupted because, for instance, one of the files contains errors, adding to the frustration and wasting the time of the data engineer.


The model must meet the specified requirements based on metrics. Moreover, all this needs to be monitored. There are various options when something changes:

  1. Changing dependencies (packages may be updated, which may lead to conflicts);
  2. The input data is not configured correctly;
  3. Change in system performance (to find out the reasons for a sharp increase or decrease in accuracy);
  4. The appearance of additional computing costs (how GPU memory is used, network load, whether there is enough disk space).

Continuous Integration (CI)

Deploying the model involves finding the right architecture, selecting parameters and hyperparameters, training, and testing. This process can be repeated as many times as necessary, as long as the overall performance increases and the system is stable.

MLOps includes the following practices:

  • Continuous Integration consists of tests and validation of data and models.
  • Continuous Delivery is engaged in the implementation of the model in information systems.
  • Continuous Training, the presence of which differentiates regular DevOps and MLOps.
  • Continuous Monitoring is necessary for feedback.

Management and Automation

Each command must have its model defined. Therefore, powers should be delimited: who can request/reject/accept the next release of the version, including who fills the branch from development to production. In addition, the MLOps developer must ensure that all of the above has been automated. Again, many platforms already offer many tools for this.