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What is cybersecurity? – categories, importance, and more

What is cybersecurity


Cybersecurity is the preparation of defending computers, servers, mobile strategies, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks. It is also recognized as information technology security or electronic data security. The term is applied in different contexts, from business to mobile computing, and can be broken down into a few common categories.

Categories of Cybersecurity

The Importance of Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is one of the most critical challenges of the digital age. The global growth of networks and information, fueled by technological innovation, has enabled society to create prosperity and improve quality of life. However, this rapid change has also made a long-term challenge: managing security risks as the world becomes more reliant on cyber and threats grow.

International business leaders ranked cyber threats as one of the top business risks based on PwC’s 21st Global CEO Survey.

strategy of cybersecurity

In addition to protecting a company against cyber threats and having a security policy, it has, among others, these benefits:

Types of Cyber Threats

There are three threats facing cybersecurity:

Here are some of the standard methods use to threaten cybersecurity:


“Malware” refers to malicious software. As one of the most mutual cyber threats, malware is software made by a cybercriminal or hacker to disrupt or damage a legitimate user’s computer. Often spread via an unsolicited email supplement or legitimate-looking download, cybercriminals can use malware to make money or conduct political cyberattacks.

There are different types of malware, containing the following:

Virus: A program proficient in reproducing itself, which embeds itself in a clean file and spreads throughout the computer system, infecting files with malicious code.

Trojan Horses:  A type of malware that masquerades as legitimate software. Cybercriminals trick users into uploading Trojans to their computers, where they cause harm or save data.

Spyware: A program that secretly records anything an operator does so that cybercriminals can use this data. For example, spyware might capture credit card details.

Ransomware: Malware locks a user’s files and data with the threat of deletion if a ransom is paid.

Botnets: Malware-infected computer networks used by cybercriminals to perform online tasks without user permission.

SQL Injection

An SQL injection (for its acronym in English Structured Query Language) is a type of cyber attack use to take control and steal data from a database. Cybercriminals activity vulnerabilities in data-driven applications to insert malicious code into a database using a negative SQL statement. It gives them access to the sensitive information contained in the database.


Phishing is when cyber criminals attack their victims with emails that appear to be from a legitimate company requesting sensitive information. It attacks are often use to entice people to hand over their credit card details and other personal information.

Cybersecurity tips: protect yourself from cyberattacks

How can companies and also, persons protect themselves against cyber threats? Here are our top cybersecurity tips:


Cybersecurity is the security of your computer systems and also, data against cyber attacks. In addition, cybersecurity helps ensure that your private information remains private, even when transferred over the Internet.

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