What is Deep Learning?

Deep learning, the same can be said for machines powered by AI software and hardware. The experiences through which machines learn are defined by the data they acquire, and the quantity and quality of this data determine how much they can learn.

Deep learning is a branch of machine learning. Unlike traditional machine learning algorithms, many of which have a finite ability to learn no matter how much data They acquire, deep learning systems can improve their performance by accessing more data. Same, make the machine have more experience. Once devices have gain enough experience through deep learning, they can be put to work performing specific tasks such as driving a car, detecting weeds in a crop field, detecting diseases, inspecting machinery for errors, and so on.

How Does Deep Learning Work?

Deep Learning Work

Deep learning networks learn by detecting complex structures in the data they receive. By creating computational models composed of multiple processing layers, networks can make various levels of abstraction that represent data.

For example, a deep learning model known as “convolutional neural networks” can be trained on a large number (of millions) of images, those containing cats. This type of neural network typically learns from the pixels that have the pictures it acquires. You can classify groups of pixels that represent the features of a cat, with groups of features such as claws, ears, and eyes, which would indicate the presence of a cat in the image.

Deep learning remains different from conventional machine learning. In this example, a domain expert would need to spend a lot of time designing a traditional machine learning system that detects features that represent a cat. With deep learning, all he needs to do is feed the system a large number of cat images, after which the system autonomously learns the features that represent a cat.

In many tasks, such as computer vision, speech recognition, machine translation, and robotics, the performance of deep learning systems vastly outperforms conventional machine learning systems. It is not to say that building  systems is relatively easy compare to traditional machine learning systems. While feature recognition is autonomous in deep learning, thousands of hyperparameters (buttons) need to be tune for the deep learning model to be truly effective.

What Is The Importance Of Deep Learning?

We are in a time of unprecedented occasion, and with deep learning technology, we can make breakthroughs. Deep learning has played a decisive role in discovering new drugs exoplanets in detecting diseases and subatomic particles. It helps us decisively increase our knowledge in biology, including genomes, proteomics, metabolomics, immunotherapy, etc.

Right now, we are facing relentless challenges. Climate change threatens food production and could spark struggles over limited resources one day. The challenge of environmental change is accentuate by a growing human population, expect to reach 9 billion by 2050. The scope and scale of these challenges require a new level of intelligence, now possible with the deep learning.

During the Cambrian detonation some 540 million years ago, a vision was reveal as an advantage of animals over their competitors and soon became the main driver of evolution. Along with the growth of biological neural networks used to process visual information, vision provided animals with a map of everything around them. It improved their awareness of the outside world.

Today, the combination of cameras serving as artificial eyes and neural networks that can process the visual information captured by those eyes has produced an explosion of data in data-driven AI applications. Just as vision plays a fundamental role in the evolution of life on earth, deep learning and neural networks will improve the capabilities of robots. Increasingly, they will know their environment, make autonomous decisions, collaborate with us, and augment our own capabilities.

Deep Learning Case Study Examples

Robotics

Many of the recent advances in robotics have been brought about by advances in AI and deep learning. For example, thanks to AI, robots can perceive and respond to their environment. This ability increases the variety of functions they can perform: from moving around warehouse floors to ordering and handling objects of a different nature, fragile or mixed. Something as simple as choosing a strawberry is a very simple task for a person, but it has been extremely difficult to get a robot to do it. As AI progresses, those advances will improve the things robots can do.

The development that is taking place in AI means that we can expect that the robots of the future can be use more and more as helpers for humans. They will not be use to understand questions and answer them, as is the case today; instead, they will be able to act on gestures and voice commands and even anticipate a worker’s next move. Currently, collaborative robots already work together with people but perform the tasks that best suit each one separately.

Farming

AI has the potential to revolutionize agriculture. Right now,  allows farmers to deploy equipment that can see and distinguish between crops and weeds. Thanks to this capacity, harvesting machines can selectively spray herbicides on weeds without touching the rest. Using computer vision with deep learning, agricultural machinery can optimize every single plant in a field by selectively spraying herbicides, fertilizers, fungicides, insecticides, and chemicals. In addition to dipping herbicide use and improving agricultural production, deep learning can be extend to other farming operations. Such as fertilizer application, irrigation, and harvesting.

Medical Examination And Health Services

Deep learning has remained particularly effective in medical imaging due to the availability of high-quality data and the ability of convolutional neural networks to classify images. For example, deep learning can be as effective as a dermatologist at classifying skin cancers, or even more so. Several vendors have already received FDA approval to apply deep learning algorithms for diagnostic purposes. Including image analysis for oncology and retinal diseases. It is also making significant strides in improving the quality of healthcare services by predicting medical events from medical record data.

The Future Of Deep Learning

Currently, there are several neural network architectures optimize for certain types of inputs and tasks. Convolutional neural networks are very good at classifying images. Another form of bottomless learning architecture uses recurrent neural networks to process sequential data. Both convolutional and recurrent neural network models perform what is known as supervise learning. Which means that they have to be provide with large amounts of data to learn. In the future, more sophisticated kinds of AI will use unsupervised learning. Much research is being devote to un supervise and semi-supervise learning technology.

Reinforcement it is a slightly different paradigm from [deep learning] in. Which an agent learns by trial and error in a simulated environment of only rewards and punishments. It extensions in this domain are known as deep reinforcement learning (DRL). Considerable progress has remained made in this field. As evidenced by the DRL programs that have managed to beat humans in the ancient game of Go.

We no longer use mechanical computers and, also, at some point, we will not use digital ones either. Instead, we will use a new generation of quantum computers. There have been several advances in quantum computing in recent years. And learning algorithms can benefit from the incredible amount of. Computation available that quantum computers can offer. Learning algorithms could also understand the output obtained from probabilistic quantum computers. Quantum machine learning remains a very active branch of machine learning. And with the first international conference on quantum machine learning in 2018, a good start is a forecast.

Also Read: What is Brand Marketing? a Complete Guide

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